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This evidence guidance includes:

  • Aetiology
  • Theories on causation
  • Categories of NDE
  • Scientific Research
  • Transformative process

 


Information is presented on the aetiology and theories on causation. Categories, research and the transformative process have separate pages on this site.

 

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Aetiology

 


No significant association was discovered between NDEs and

  • Social class
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Level of education
  • Profession
  • Marital status
  • Place of residence
  • Pre­knowledge of NDEs
  • Religious practice


Situations in which a NDE may occur:

­ Brain function is severely impaired: cardiac arrest, coma, hypovolemic shock, general anaesthesia, electrocution.

­ Brain function is intact: high fever, extreme dehydration and/or hypothermia, major depressive crisis, meditation, impending unavoidable death and spontaneous onset.

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Theories on Causation


There is insufficient evidence to explain for NDEs, yet these are theories that have been proposed to explain causation:

  • Hypoxia
  • Hypercapnia
  • Altered brain chemistry : Ketamine, Endorphins, DMT, LSD, Psilocybin and Mescaline
  • Epilepsy
  • Fear of death
  • Depersonalisation
  • Hallucinations
  • Recall of the birth process

 

 

 

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References

 


Sutherland C. (1990) Changes in religious beliefs, attitudes, and practice following near­death experiences. Journal of Near Death Studies 9, 21­31.

Sutherland, Cherie Olga. A very different way: A sociological investigation of life after a near­death experience ProQuest Dissertations and Theses 01/01/1992. Vol.0626,Iss.0423;p.1

Sutherland C. Near­death experience by proxy: A case study . Journal of Near­Death Studies June, 1990. Vol.8,Iss.4;

Pim van Lommel , 2010, Endless Consciousness, A Scientific Approach to the Near­Death Experience, Harper Collins USA (not available in English until 2010)

Penny Sartori, 2008, The Near­Death Experiences of Hospitalized Intensive Care Patients: A Five Year Clinical Study, The Edwin Mellen Press

Dr Bruce Greyson has written an abundance of articles on the subject of NDE for leading medical journals, including Journal of Scientific Exploration, Journal of the American Medical Association, and American Journal of Psychiatry.

Dr Raymond Moody's books:

  • Life After Life
  • Life After Loss
  • Reunions: Visionary Encounters With Departed Loved Ones
  • Reflections On Life After Life

Dr Kenneth Ring's books:

  • Mindsight
  • Lessons from the Light
  • Heading toward Omega
  • Life at Death
  • The Omega Project

Dr Michael Sabom's books:

  • Recollections of Death
  • Light and Death

The Journal of Near Death Studies is the only peer­reviewed scholarly journal (ISSN 0891­4494) devoted exclusively to the field of near­death studies. It is cross­disciplinary and published quarterly.

Other sources for publications are:


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